(Urdu: جماعتِ اسلامی, Jamaat-i-Islami, “Islamic Party” Jamaat, JI) is a party working as though as a Muslim religious and political party in Pakistan. It was founded on 26 August 1941 in Lahore by Muslim Urdu writer Maulana Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi. and is the oldest religious party in Pakistan.
Founded during British rule in India, the Jamaat moved its organisation after the partition of Indiato the newly-created Muslim state of Pakistan. The members who remained in India regrouped to form an independent organization called Jamaat-e-Islami Hind. The Jamaat opposed the independence of Bangladesh, but established itself there as an independent political party, theJamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh after 1975. The Jamaat maintains close ties with international Muslim groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood. Within Pakistan, the Jamaat leads the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal alliance of religious parties.. A vanguard party, its members (or arkan) form an elite with “affiliates” (mutaffiq) and then “sympathisers” (hamdard) beneath them.
The Jamaat’s objectives are the “Iqamat-e-Deen” or “Nizam-e-Mustafa” – the establishment of a pure Islamic state, governed by Sharia law. The Jamaat opposes Westernization, ideologies such as capitalism, socialism and secularism, and practices such as bank interest and liberalist social mores.
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