Tablighi Jamaat (Urdu: تبلیغی جماعت, Arabic: جماعة التبليغ, English: Society for spreading faith) is a transnational religious movement which was founded in 1926 by Muhammad Ilyas in India. The movement primarily aims at Islamic spiritual reformation by working at the grass roots level, reaching out to Muslims across all social and economic spectra to bring them closer to the practices of Islamic prophetMuhammad.
Tablighi Jamaat (Tabligh Jamaat) came forth as an offshoot of the Deobandi movement. Its inception is believed to be a response to Hindu revivalist movements, which were considered a threat to vulnerable and non-practicing Muslims. Tabligh Jamaat gradually expanded from local to national to a transnational movement and now has followers in over 150 countries.
Tabligh Jamaat maintains a non-affiliating stature in matters of politics and fiqh(jurisprudence) so as to eschew the controversies that would otherwise accompany such affiliations. Although, Tabligh Jamaat emerged out of the Deobandi sub-school in the Hanafi fiqh, no particular interpretation of Islam has been endorsed since the beginning of movement. Tabligh Jamaat has largely avoided electronic media and has emphasized a personal communication for proselytizing. The teachings of Tabligh Jamaat are mainly rudimentary and the Six Principles put forward by Muhammad Ilyas influence most of their teachings. Despite its pacifist stance, Tabligh Jamaat has appeared on the fringes of numerous terrorism investigations. Tablighi Jamaat’s role as a springboard to terrorist organizations has been questioned several times but there is no evidence that the Tabligh Jamaat deliberately act as a recruiting arm for Islamic militant organizations. Tabligh Jamaat attracted significant public and media attention when it announced plans for the largest mosque in Europe to be built in London, United Kingdom.